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The seafood industry in Australia

What are the main species farmed in Australia using aquaculture?

There are more than forty species farmed in Australia using aquaculture. The topmost aquaculture species group consists of prawns, pearl oysters, edible oysters, tuna, and salmonids. Other species groups farmed in Australia include the following.

  • Sea cucumber
  • Mud crab
  • Marine sponges
  • Ornamental fish
  • Mussels
  • Abalone
  • Marine finfish or brackish water such as groupers, mulloway, yellowtail kingfish, snapper, and barramundi
  • Freshwater finfish such as silver perch and Murray cod

What products are involved in aquaculture?

Australia has earned a good reputation as a producer of high quality, sustainable, and safe seafood products. Almost a major part of the Australian seafood industry and meat production comes from certain species such as oysters, tuna, salmonids, and pearls. Since 2003 the gross value of aquaculture products has increased from $108 million to more than $1 billion. The largest production came from the edible oysters and salmonids.

How much seafood does Australia consume?

People in Australia consume plenty of oceanic fish such as tuna and shark, as well as farmed prawns and salmon. Australia’s consumption of seafood increased at an annual rate of about 1.9 percent between 1998 and 2017. However, per person consumption of seafood decreased marginally, trending down to 13.7 kilograms from 14.7 kilograms. Seafood consumption ranks ahead of sheep and lamb meat but ranks behind pork, chicken, and beef.

What are the benefits of aquaculture?

Here are the main benefits of aquaculture.

  • Opening of feasible business opportunities
  • Creating jobs, especially in rural areas
  • Increased the production of seafood for human consumption
  • Increased national exports
  • Helps waste problems

Other benefits include more supply of fish products to the consumers, processing and retailing, biomedical research, water treatment, sport fishing, genetic engineering, development of pharmaceuticals, and ornamental fish trade.

What sea creatures can we eat?

Many kinds of sea creatures can be eaten. If they have an outer shell, you need to remove them before getting to eat the soft part inside. This type includes shrimp, prawns, crayfish, crabs, and lobsters. Some creatures live inside hard shells that are quite difficult to open. These include periwinkles, scallops, mussels, and oysters. Other edible sea creatures like the octopus and squid have soft flesh with no shell. Roe (fish eggs) can be eaten as well. Caviar is one of the most expensive foods in the world.

What is the most popular seafood?

Seafood is very popular in almost every part of the world. And, some of them are even popular in areas that don’t have the sea nearby. Seafood consists of a wide variety of marine edibles that are loved by many people. In some countries, seafood is not only a portion of food but a phenomenon. The most popular seafood are tuna, salmon, shrimp, crabs, cod, and catfish.

Can you eat shrimp every day?

Shrimp has lots of health benefits. Yet, shrimp happens to have high cholesterol and three-ounce serving contains about 180 milligrams. When you choose to eat shrimp, keep in mind to adjust the remaining meals so that you don’t go over the recommended daily cholesterol limit. Furthermore, some studies mention that shrimps may influence certain kinds of heart diseases.

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